Technological Change in Banana Production: A Comparative Analysis of Drip and Traditional Method of Cultivation in Middle Gujarat

Published On: 2021-03-23 17:08:32

Price: ₹ 500

Author: Rachana Kumari Bansal , A.S. Shaikh and Y.C. Zala

Author Address: Assistant Professors, Department of Agricultural Economics, and Principal and Dean, International Agri-Business 2 Management Institute, B. A. College of Agriculture, Anand Agricultural University, Anand-388110 (Gujarat)

Keywords: Benefit-cost ratio, comparative economics, conventional method, cost and technological change

JEL Codes: D24, E64, O33, P51


A comparative analysis and technological change of banana cultivation under drip and conventional irrigation methods were studied by collecting data from 120 each of drip and non-drip farms of Anand and Vadodara district during 2017-18. It was revealed from the study that per ha cost of cultivation of banana (Cost C ) was slightly less ( 7782.4) under drip method of irrigation as 2 compared to the conventional method. The yield and net profit were significantly higher (about 19 and 38 percent) on drip farms over conventional irrigated farms. It indicated that productivity was higher in the drip method due to efficient use of inputs or saving of resources, labour water , growth regulators plant protection (20 percent), (31.11percent) (22.72 percent), chemicals (22.30 percent), fertilizers (13.23 percent) and manures (7.76 percent). The benefit-cost ratio over Cost C under drip and conventional 2 irrigation methods were 2.61 and 2.12, respectively. The regression coefficient of irrigation was positive and significant, indicated an increase in output level by 0.175 and 0.115 percent in drip farms and overall, respectively. Simultaneously, it was negative and non-significant (-0.13) on conventional farms, indicating higher or inefficient water use. The technological change in banana production has brought about 22.56 percent productivity difference between the two methods, out of which 20.45 percent was due to the difference in the method of cultivation with the same level of resource use and 2.11 percent difference in output was due to more use of the quantity of input in the conventional method of banana cultivation.In a nutshell, this revealed the superiority of drip in yield and returns advantage by spending less on all inputs.


Indian Journal of Economics and Development
Volume 17 No. 1, 2021, 150-156
Indexed in Clarivate Analytics (ESCI) of WoS

Indexed in Clarivate Analytics (ESCI) of WoS
Scopus: Title Accepted
NAAS Score: 5.15