Pattern and Employment Structure of Casual Workers in Punjab

Published On: 2021-03-23 16:51:29

Price: ₹ 500

Author: Raja Singh

Author Address: Ph.D. Research Scholar, Department of Economics, Punjabi University, Patiala-147002

Keywords: Casual work, employment, rural and urban workforce.

JEL Codes: J21, J30.


In the present study, the majority of casual workers perform multiple seasonal working activities in Punjab. In rural areas, most casual workers were occupied in non-agriculture sectors, while in the urban areas, the majority were occupied in non-manufacturing sectors. If the casual workers found work in rural and urban areas, they had to work long hours. They did not find regular work due to the lack of skill. Besides, due to lack of employment opportunities in rural areas. Workers had to go to the city for work. The study found that casual workers received higher wage rates in urban areas than their rural counterparts, especially in the manufacturing sector. The highest share in rural and urban areas received the wages on a daily basis.  


Indian Journal of Economics and Development
Volume 17 No. 1, 2021, 86-94
Indexed in Clarivate Analytics (ESCI) of WoS

Indexed in Clarivate Analytics (ESCI) of WoS
Scopus: Title Accepted
NAAS Score: 5.15