Economics of Resource Utilization for Manufacturing of Dairy Products in a Cooperative Dairy Plant in Coastal Odisha

Published On: 2020-12-16 08:57:16

Price: ₹ 500

Author: Mir Miraj Alli , A.K. Chauhan , Denny Franco and Shyam Prakash Singh 1 1 2 3*

Author Address: 1 1 Master Student and Principal Scientist, Dairy Economics, Statistics and Management Division, ICAR-National Dairy Research Institute, Karnal-132001 (Haryana), Scientist, 2 Division of Agricultural Economics, Indian Agricultural Research Institute, New

Keywords: Condensate water, electricity, energy, milk, pasteurization.

JEL Codes: J21, L23, L66, M11, Q13.


The study conducted at a cooperative dairy plant having the capacity of 50,000LPD revealed that out of total units 971 thousand, about 80 percent of the electricity was consumed together in refrigeration, pasteurization, and poly pack sections. Only 1.67 percent of the total electricity was consumed in the product section. The steam condensate recovery in milk pasteurization was 200 litres per hour at an average temperature of 80 c, which was not being recycled and drained. If the water condensate were re-utilized, there would be saving in soft water as well as thermal energy. The refrigeration requirement for pasteurized milk was found to be 61.35 kilocalories per unit. Out of the total refrigeration, the electricity contributed to the maximum percentage of the total cost about 55 percent. In the case of water utilization, washing and cleaning of trays and cans and overall floor cleaning of plant utilized about 50 percent of the total water. The cost of water pumping was found to be 8.38 per kilolitre of water.


Indian Journal of Economics and Development
Volume 16 No. 4, 2020, 631-635

Indexed in Clarivate Analytics (ESCI) of WoS
Scopus: Title Accepted 
NAAS Score: 4.82