Standard of Living of Tribal Households in Rural Areas of North-East India: A Principal Component Analysis Approach

Published On: 2020-12-16 08:50:27

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Author: Debajit Bhuyan and M.K. Deb 1* 2

Author Address: 1Ph.D. Scholar, Department of Economics, Rajiv Gandhi University (A Central University), Rono-Hills, Doimukh-791112 (Arunachal Pradesh)and Assistant Professor, Department of Humanities and Social Sciences, Assam Down Town 2 University, Guwahati-781068 (As

Keywords: North-East India, principal component analysis, standard of living, tribal population.

JEL Codes: R19, R23, R2, R13, R53.


The study is an attempt to construct a standard of living index (SLI) using the principal component analysis method and to measure the living standard of tribal population in rural areas of the north-east region of India. The study stands on secondary data sources namely census report 2011. The principal component analysis (PCA) method was deployed to analyze the data and deal with the objectives of the study. The study found that the North-East region as a whole belonged to the medium category in terms of the living standard of tribal households. Mizoram ranked top among the north-eastern states by securing the highest living standard of Mizo tribes while Assam scored the lowest living standard of tribal communities.


Indian Journal of Economics and Development
Volume 16 No. 4, 2020, 598-605
Indexed in Clarivate Analytics (ESCI) of WoS
Scopus: Title Accepted 
NAAS Score: 4.82