Socio-economic Analysis of Farmers of Himachal Pradesh: A Study of District Shimla

Published On: 2020-12-16 08:46:35

Price: ₹ 500

Author: Sikander Kumar and Vishal Chauhan 1* 2

Author Address: 1Professor (Department of Economics) and Vice-Chancellor, Himachal Pradesh University, Summer Hill, Shimla-171005 (Himachal Pradesh) and Research Scholar, Department of Economics, Himachal Pradesh University, Summer Hill, 2 Shimla-171 005 (Himachal Prades

Keywords: Education, farm holdings, occupation structure, socio-economic, standard of living

JEL Codes: D31, I21, I25, J11, Q12.


The study was conducted in Jubbal and Kotkhai blocks of Shimla district to understand the socio-economic condition of farmers as it had most significant influence in decision making. These conditions will explain the education, housing and standard of living picture of the area, which, however, is influenced by the farmer's income, therefore, will also reveal the farmer's occupation structure. For conducting the research, the block was divided into ten panchayats. From every panchayat, two villages were randomly selected. At the next stage from sample village, ten farming households of different size were selected therefore data of 200 farming households of different farm size were collected through interview and analysed with the help of mean, percentage method to understand the education, occupation, income, standard of living, housing condition of the households. It was observed that the literacy rate of the area was 95.00 percent, with 98 and 93 percent male and female. As far as occupation structure was concerned 75 percent of overall households were dependent on agriculture, and 25 percent on Non-farm source of which marginal households were mostly earning in the form of wages however small and medium farms was earning in the form of salary. It was observed that the standard of living and housing condition of the marginal farm was less as compared to small and medium farms.


Indian Journal of Economics and Development
Volume 16 No. 4, 2020, 572-582
Indexed in Clarivate Analytics (ESCI) of WoS
Scopus: Title Accepted 
NAAS Score: 4.82