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Sustainable Development through the Soil and Water Conservation Work: A Case Study of Village in Maharashtra

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Indian Journal of Economics and Development
Volume 16 No. SS, 2020, 28-35
DOI: https://doi.org/10.35716/ijed/NS20-053
Indexed in Clarivate Analytics (ESCI) of WoS

A.J. Amale, V.G. Pokharkar and D.B. Yadav
Department of Agricultural Economics, Mahatma Phule Krishi Vidyapeeth Rahuri, Rahuri-413722 (Maharashtra)
*Corresponding author’s email: amaleaj@rediffmail.com

ABSTRACT
It’s not possible to have relied on the large irrigation programmes only to solve Maharashtra’s recurring and acute water scarcity. In recent years, the state has recognized soil and water conservation activities as a potential option for agricultural development in rainfed, semi-arid areas. Further government has clubbed all the schemes regarding soil and water conservation run by different departments of the state government under the umbrella of Jalyukt Shivar Abhiyan. The results revealed that the Jalyukt Shivar Abhiyan activities had a significant impact on groundwater recharge, access to groundwater and hence the expansion in irrigated area. It has been found to alter crop patterns, increase crop yields and crop diversification and thereby provided enhanced employment and farm income. Local villagers were at the forefront of the programme, not just in decision- making, but also in actual execution and monetary contributions. In a nutshell Jalyukt Shivar Abhiyan has not resulted in physical output but it gave support to the ecological and socio-economic progress of the beneficiaries. Looking at all the above results, Jalyukt Shivar Abhiyan seemed to be one of the basic strategy for doubling the farmer’s income in rainfed and semi-arid regions of Maharashtra

Keywords
Employment, farm income, sustainable development, water conservation.

JEL codes
P28, Q19, Q25, Q29.

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