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Socio-Economic Profile of Farm Households in Cotton Belt of Rural Punjab

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Indian Journal of Economics and Development
Volume 16 No. SS, 2020, 144-151
DOI: https://doi.org/10.35716/ijed/NS20-089
Indexed in Clarivate Analytics (ESCI) of WoS

Mandeep Kaur1, Ravita2, and Sarbjeet Singh2
1Research Scholar and 2Assistant Professors, Department of Economics, Punjabi University, Patiala-147002 (Punjab)
Corresponding author’s email: drsarbjeetsingh@gmail.com

ABSTRACT
This paper examined the socio-economic profile of farm households in the cotton belt of Rural Punjab. The result revealed that as a whole, more than two-thirds fall in the working-age group of 15-59 years. The average size of the family worked out to be 5.74 and the average size of owned land holdings was 11.50 acres. The data highlights that 34.96 percent were earners, 31.39 percent were earning dependents and 33.65 percent of the persons were dependents. The major proportion (88.46 percent) of total sampled households followed Sikhism and as many as 87.50 percent were from the general category. About 23 percent of the sampled persons were illiterate and literacy levels were found to be positively linked with the size of landholdings. About 34 percent of the heads of sampled farmer households were illiterate and the majority of the heads of sampled farmer households had education below secondary level. None of the heads among marginal farmers had obtained education up to graduation level, whereas, this proportion was 7.41 for the large farmers. The study points out that overall only 11.54 percent of the sampled farm households read the newspaper. There is a need for effective measures which could enhance the educational and awareness levels of farmers and their family members for raising their levels of living.

Keywords
Education, farmers, inequality, socio-economic profile.

JEL Codes
D83, I21, I24, J10, Q12.

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