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Role of Direct Sown Rice Technology for Conservation of Water Resources in Punjab-A Case Study of Amritsar District

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Narinderpal Singh, Gurpreet Kaur, and Mandeep Kumar Pujara

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Indian Journal of Economics and Development
Year : 2016, Volume : 12, Issue : 1a
First page : ( 531) Last page : ( 536)
Print ISSN : 2277-5412. Online ISSN : 2322-0430.
Article DOI : 10.5958/2322-0430.2016.00118.9

Role of Direct Sown Rice Technology for Conservation of Water Resources in Punjab-A Case Study of Amritsar District

Singh Narinderpal1,*, Kaur Gurpreet1, Pujara Mandeep Kumar2
1Department of Economics and Sociology, Punjab Agricultural University, Ludhiana-141004

2ATMA, Amritsar

*Corresponding author’s email: nindi@pau.edu

JEL Codes 013, 039, Q16, Q54

Online published on 26 April, 2016.

Abstract
India has the largest area under rice crop (about 45 million ha.) and it occupies 23.3 per cent of gross cropped area of the country. The intensive use of water in traditional transplanted rice (TTR) cultivation in northwest Indo Gangetic plains is depleting aquifers. Paddy crop contributes a lot in the agricultural economy of the Punjab state but it was observed in the study that 79.41 per cent of irrigation water being contributed to the production of rice in Amritsar district. As a result of over exploitation of ground water the water table was declined and the ground water development reached to 152 per cent in the district. The use of ground water in the months of May and June was highly important for ground water resource management in the district and it was observed that less than 60 mm rain during the months of May and June contributed negative impact on the ground water situation in the district. It was realized in the study that DSR is a viable alternative to TTR and helpful to overcome the problem of water shortage and labour over TTR as it saves 52.41 (before July) and 21.22 (overall) per cent of irrigations applied. Therefore with the support of the govt, cooperatives and farmers participation; DSR can become a successful alternative to the TTR for optimum use of water resources of Punjab.

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