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Measuring the technical efficiency of the cotton production: The Stochastic Frontier Production Function Approach


Gurprem Singh Bedi, Sukhjit K. Saran and Taptej Singh



Indian Journal of Economics and Development
Year : 2015, Volume : 11, Issue : 1
First page : ( 53) Last page : ( 60)
Print ISSN : 2277-5412. Online ISSN : 2322-0430.
Article DOI : 10.5958/2322-0430.2015.00006.2

Measuring the technical efficiency of the cotton production: the stochastic frontier production function approach

Bedi Gurprem Singh1,*, Saran Sukhjeet K.2, Singh Taptej3
1Lecturer, Baba Farid College, Mukatsar Road, Deon, Bathinda

2Professor, Department of Economics and Sociology, Punjab Agricultural University, Ludhiana-141004

3Research Scholar, Technology Marketing and IPR Cell, Punjab Agricultural University, Ludhiana-141004


JEL Classification: C52, C81, Q01, Q12

Online published on 10 March, 2015.

The present study was conducted to measure the technical efficiency of the cotton farms in Punjab using the parametric technique of stochastic frontier production function during the agricultural year 2010–11. The results revealed that the variance parameters, s2 and g for the three categories of farms were significantly different from zero and having positive coefficients and statistically significant. This provides statistical confirmation that there were differences in the technical efficiency among farmers. For small, medium and large farms, the value of g was estimated to be 0.88, 0.98 and 0.87, respectively which indicated that the most of the total variation in cotton cultivation from the observed (actual) and frontier (potential) were attributed to technical efficiency and not chance alone. Thus, the shortfall of realised productivity from the frontier was largely due to technical inefficiency and was mainly within the control of individual farmers.

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