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Marketing and Price Behaviors of Onion in Haryana

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Raj Kumar, Dalip Kumar Bishnoi, Anil Rathi, and Shiv Prakash

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Indian Journal of Economics and Development
Year : 2016, Volume : 12, Issue : 1a
First page : ( 7) Last page : ( 11)
Print ISSN : 2277-5412. Online ISSN : 2322-0430.
Article DOI : 10.5958/2322-0430.2016.00026.3

Marketing and Price Behaviors of Onion in Haryana

Kumar Raj1, Bishnoi Dalip Kumar1,*, Rathi Anil2, Prakash Shiv3
1Department of Agricultural Economics, CCSHAU, Hisar

2Coordinator, KVK Sonepat, CCSHAU, Hisar

3SKN Collage GV Sangria, Rajasthan

*Corresponding author’s email: drjitenderkumarbhatia@gmail.com

JEL Codes M31, Q11, Q13

Online published on 26 April, 2016.

Abstract
Onion (Allium cepa) is one of the important commercial vegetable crop grown in India. It is widely grown in different parts of the country mainly by small and marginal farmers. Its price varies greatly from season to season because of its semi-perishable nature and immediate post harvest sales by the growers. The study revealed that direct marketing of onion was found most profitable (Channel-Ill) among all other marketing channels. As per marketing efficiency was concern, Channel-Ill was also found most efficient among all marketing channels. This was because of the non existence of intermediaries between the producer and ultimate consumer. Marketing of onion was found highly seasonal in nature. However, the prices and arrivals moved in opposite directions. The arrivals indices during May-June were the highest. It showed that majority of the farmers sold their produce immediate after harvest due to inappropriate storage facilities and pressing needs for cash with them, as a result onion growers getting lowest prices of their produce. Therefore study suggested that adequate scientific storage facilities should be provided to the producer so as to spread the sale throughout the year with minimum quantitative and qualitative losses. Producers should also be provided credit facilities against the thier produce stored to meet their immediate financial commitments. Co-operatives marketing as well as farming need to be encouraged to play an important role in the marketing of onion especially for the small farmers who have poor retention capacity and should be provide adequate finance to construct storage facilities.

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