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Income and Expenditure Pattern of Marginalised Categories of Rural Punjab




Indian Journal of Economics and Development
Volume 16 No. 1, 2020, 137-141
Indexed in Clarivate Analytics (ESCI) of WoS
NAAS Score: 4.82
UGC Approved: UGC Care List Group II

Gagandeep Kaur1* and Arjinder Kaur2
1Research Scholar1 and 2Senior Agricultural Economist, Department of Economics and Sociology, Punjab Agricultural University, Ludhiana-141 004 (Punjab)
*Corresponding author’s email:


TThe present study was undertaken to examine the income and expenditure pattern of marginalized categories in rural Punjab. The data were collected from 120 households consisting of agricultural labour, marginal and small farmers of Amritsar and Ludhiana districts. It was concluded that income and expenditure pattern was directly related to farm-size. As the farm size increased the farm expenditure also increased. The proportion of deficit households was more in the agricultural labour category due to their low incomes. In the small farm category, the proportion of deficit households was more as compared to the marginal farm category on account of higher expenditure on non-food items and social ceremonies.

Agricultural labourers, deficit, expenditure, income, marginal and small farmers, surplus.
JEL Codes Q12, H62, P46.

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