Indian Journal of Economics and Development: Forthcoming Issue

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Impact of IWMP on Land Use and Cropping Pattern in Central India


H.K. Niranjan*, H.O. Sharma and Deepak Rathi



The present study has been undertaken to analyze changes occurred in irrigation potential and determine the impact of Integrated Watershed Management Programm (IWMP-Watershed Development) on land use and cropping pattern in Madhya Pradesh. All the 33 watershed development areas 32 districts under the project have been selected in the State. 10 per cent or minimum 10 beneficiaries (1285) were selected randomly under these watershed development areas for the study. It was observed from the study that irrigation by all the sources was found to be increased by 17.36 per cent in the current year (0.47 ha) as compared to base year (0.40 ha) in an average farmer’s field with the implementation of the project in the State. The size of holding, net cultivated area of an average farmer was also found to be increased by 2.14 per cent and 4.88 per cent respectively during the period under study. The area under uncultivated waste land, non-agriculture and grazing land, current fallow and old fallow was found to be decreased by 28.57, 14.71, 14.29 and 14.06 per cent respectively. The cropping intensity of an average farm was found to be increased by 11 per cent from 151 (Base year) to 162 per cent (current year). The area under rabi crops (7.51 per cent) increased more compared to kharif crops (7.34 per cent). The result of increased in area and productivity of the crops the production of crops were also found to be increased from 3.47 (Mustard) to 118.98 (Lentil) per cent in the current year as compared to the base year

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