Impact of Forest Development Programme on Livelihood of Rural People in Nainital District of Uttarakhand
Vinita Kanwal, Divya Pandey and K. Suhasini
The present study was undertaken to overview the effects of FDPs in terms of income and employment generation and changes in nutritional pattern due to implementation of Forest Development Programme (FDP) in Nainital district of Uttarakhand. 20 households from 3 sampled villages were taken for the study and their experiences before and after implementation of FDPs were recorded with the help of well structured schedule. Inequality in the distribution of income for different income groups was estimated using Lorenz tools. The per capita per day nutritional value from the items they consumed were calculated using the conversion scale of the National Institute of Nutrition (NIN). The results revealed that After implementation of FDPs annual income of respondents increased, they were more occupied as FDP labours and were engaged in forest product collection, inequality in the income distribution also decreased as was evident from Lorenz curve, average per capita per day calorie consumption increased but was less that WHO’s minimum requirement of 2400 Kcal. It was concluded that for sustainable benefit FDPs should give due importance to creation of rural assets and their maintenance.