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Impact of Determinants of Industrial Development on Employment and Wages in Indian Manufacturing

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Indian Journal of Economics and Development
Volume 16 No. 1, 2020, 18-30
DOI: https://doi.org/10.35716/ijed/19053
Indexed in Clarivate Analytics (ESCI) of WoS
NAAS Score: 4.82
UGC Approved: UGC Care List Group II
Sandeep Kumar Baliyan
Post-Doctoral Fellow (ICSSR), Giri Institute of Development Studies, Lucknow-226 024 (Uttar Pradesh)
E-mail: sonubaliyan@gmail.com

ABSTRACT
The present study was undertaken to explore the evolution of the impact of firm-level performance on employment level and wages in the Indian organized manufacturing sector over the period 1989-90 to 2013-14. One of the major components of the economic reform package was the deregulation and de-licensing in the Indian organized manufacturing sector. The impact of firm-level performance on employment and wages were estimated for Indian organized manufacturing sector in major sub-sectors in India during the period from 1989-90 to 2013-14 of the various variables namely profitability ratio, total factor productivity change, technical change, technical efficiency, openness (export-import), investment intensity, raw material intensity and FECI in total factor productivity index, technical efficiency, and technical change. The study exhibited that all explanatory variables except profitability ratio and technical change cost had a positive impact on the employment level. Out of eight variables, four variables such as net of foreign equity capital, investment intensity, TFPCH, and technical efficiency change showed a positive impact on wages and salary ratio and rest of the four variables such as openness intensity, technology acquisition index, profitability ratio, and technical change had negative impact on wages and salary ratio. In this context, the profit ratio should be distributed as per the marginal rule of economics such as the marginal productivity of labour and capital.
Keywords
Scale efficiency, technical change, total factor productivity index.
JEL Codes
J33, J54, L15, L25, L52, L65, L66, L98.

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