Human trafficking: A case of deceived aspiring emigrants in Punjab


Shivani Sharma, Simran Kang Sidhu, and Shalini Sharma



Indian Journal of Economics and Development
Year : 2016, Volume : 12, Issue : 2
First page : ( 341) Last page : ( 346)
Print ISSN : 2277-5412. Online ISSN : 2322-0430.
Article DOI : 10.5958/2322-0430.2016.00145.1

Human Trafficking: A Case of Deceived Aspiring Emigrants in Punjab

Sharma Shivani, Sidhu Simran Kang*, Sharma Shalini
Department of Economics and Sociology, Punjab Agricultural University, Ludhiana, 141004, Punjab

*Corresponding author’s email:

JEL Codes: C81, Y10, Y80, Z13

Online published on 13 June, 2016.

Exploratory in nature, the study conducted on 120 deceived aspiring emigrants from purposively selected two districts of Doaba region in Punjab revealed that most of the respondents had education only up to school level. Majority of those who applied for visa to foreign countries belonged to general caste. Most of the respondents wanted to go to Canada but on travel agent’s suggestion opted for other countries. It was found that more than half of the respondents came to know about fraud within six months of applying for visa, whereas one third came to know within a year that they had been cheated of fraudulent travel agents. The amount they lost in fraud varied from 50 thousand to five lakhs. There is an urgent need to aware the public about fraudulent cases through mass media. Government should formulate a specialized unit at the national level as agents from several states collaborate in their operation.