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Has Land Productivity reached a Plateau? Evidence from Rice Farms of West Godavari District of Andhra Pradesh

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A. Samarpitha, N. Vasudev, and K. Suhasini

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Indian Journal of Economics and Development
Year : 2016, Volume : 12, Issue : 1a
First page : ( 381) Last page : ( 386)
Print ISSN : 2277-5412. Online ISSN : 2322-0430.
Article DOI : 10.5958/2322-0430.2016.00093.7

Has Land Productivity reached a Plateau? Evidence from Rice Farms of West Godavari District of Andhra Pradesh

Samarpitha A.*, Vasudev N., Suhasini K.
Professor, Jayashankar Telangana State Agricultural University (PJTSAU), Rajendranagar, Hyderabad

*Corresponding author’s email: samarpitha22@gmail.com

JEL Codes O33, Q10, Q12, Q16

Online published on 26 April, 2016.

Abstract
Improvement in farm efficiency is a very important factor of productivity. Rice is the most important and extensively grown food crop in the world. Hence an attempt has been made in this study to estimate the efficiency of rice farms using stochastic frontier production function approach and the influence of socio-economic factors on the technical efficiency was measured using regression analysis. The mean technical efficiency was found to be 94.07 per cent, indicating that the realized output can be raised by 6 per cent in the region with the available technology and resources. Farmer’s age (0.0191), education (0.0443), experience in rice cultivation (0.0164), family size (0.0632), membership in cooperative society (0.2984) and access to institutional credit (0.3965) were the most influential determinants of technical efficiency. The mean technical efficiency values of greater than 90 per cent for majority (61.67%) of the rice farmers indicate that there is little scope for improving the efficiencies of these farmers with the existing technology as the farmers are already operating near the frontier. Hence new location-specific technologies should be developed and transferred to farmers. However, sufficient potential also exists for improving the productivity of rice by proper management and allocation of the existing resources and technology for farms operating at lower levels of efficiency.

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