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Growth Trends and Instability of Groundnut (Arachis hypogaea) in Karnataka: An Inter-District and Inter-Divisional Analysis

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S.M. Jainuddin , Seema , K. Suhasini , T. Lavanya and B.V.H. Bhave

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The Indian Journal of Economics and Development
Volume 15 No. 2, 2019, 250-257
DOI: 10.5958/2322-0430.2019.00030.1
Indexed in Clarivate Analytics (ESCI)

S.M. Jainuddin , Seema , K. Suhasini , T. Lavanya and B.V.H. Bhave

Assistant Professor, Department of Agricultural Economics, UAS, Raichur-584 104

Professor and Head, School of Agribusiness Management, Professor and Head, Department of Agricultural Economics

Associate Professor, Department of Agricultural Economics and Associate Professor and Head,
Department of Statistics and Mathematics, PJTASU, Hyderabad-500030 (Telangana)
*Corresponding author’s email: smjainu@gmail.com

ABSTRACT
The growth trend and instability analysis of groundnut were carried out in Karnataka. The four divisions of the states viz., Bangalore, Mysore, Belgaum and Gulbarga with 30 districts were selected for the study. The area, production and yield data of groundnut were collected from many secondary sources and analysed for the Period-I: 1975-1995 (Pre-WTO), Period-II: 1995-2015 (Post-WTO) and overall Period: 1975-2015. The result showed that the growth pattern of groundnut indicated a downward trend with respect to area, production and yield in all the four regions of Karnataka for the Period- II (Post-WTO) as compared to Period-I (Pre-WTO). The mixed trend was observed during the whole Period. The Cuddy-Della Valle Index (CDI) indicates that the fluctuation in area and yield of groundnut was found to be lower in Belgaum division followed by Gulbarga, Mysore and Bangalore divisions. The variations in the production of groundnut were found to be lower in Gulbarga division. CDI indicated that the fluctuation in area, production and yield of groundnut were found to be higher in Bangalore division as compared to other divisions. The results showed that growth rate and variation in area, production and yield of groundnut were found to higher in Period-II (PostWTO) than compared to Period-I (Pre-WTO).
Keywords
CAGR, CDI, growth and instability, WTO.

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