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Growth Trajectory and Inter-Regional Agricultural Disparity A Study of Madhya Pradesh

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Jaspal Singh , Amarjeet Singh , Nirmal Singh , Trisha Singh Tomer and Himani Sachdeva

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The Indian Journal of Economics and Development
Year : 2018, Volume : 14, Issue : 3
First page : ( 464) Last page : ( 472)
Print ISSN : 2277-5412. Online ISSN : 2322-0430.
Article DOI : 10.5958/2322-0430.2018.00158.0

Growth trajectory and Inter-Regional agricultural disparity a study of Madhya Pradesh

Singh Jaspal1,*, Singh Amarjeet2, Singh Nirmal3, Tomer Trisha Singh4, Sachdeva Himani5
1Consultant, NITI Aayog, Government of India, New Delhi-110001

2Research Associate, ICAR-IARI (ZTM&BPD Unit), New Delhi-110012

3Lecturer (Economics), Government Senior Secondary School, Ghunas, Barnala, Punjab

4Assistant Professor (Economics), Government College, Hatta (Damoh)-MP

5Young Professional, NITI Aayog, Government of India, New Delhi-110001

*Corresponding author’s email: punjabimatti82@gmail.com

JELCodes O13, O40, O47, Q01, Q10, R11.

Online published on 27 September, 2018.

Abstract

With the help of institutional changes, technological interventions, social infrastructure development and policy support during the past one and half decade, the Madhya Pradesh made some noteworthy progress on agriculture front. The state achieved a 9.53 percent growth rate during 2005–06 to 2014–15 in the agriculture sector. Nevertheless, inequality and regional disparities still remain a serious issue in the development process of the state. On the base of combined composite score of development (CCS), districts have been classified in three categories, as highly developed, moderately developed and disadvantaged districts with CCS greater than 7.5, between 7.5 and 6.5 and less than 6.5, respectively. The results showed that Indore, Jabalpur, Bhopal, Guna, Dewas and Mandsaur achieved top position in agriculture development and these districts were also on the path of better growth, whereas districts Panna, Satna, Shahdol, Katni, Rewa, Umaria and Dindori were on the bottom position in agriculture development. Furthermore, the study identified the factors of inter-regional disparities like comparative small land holding size, poor availability of institutional credit, low level of groundwater development, the high dependency of the population on agriculture, per worker less operational area and low use of NPK which made a significant difference in the level of agricultural development. Therefore, to sustain the growth rate of the economy as well as agriculture sector in Madhya Pradesh, it is necessary to pay special attention to backward districts. Due to the poor agricultural infrastructural development, these districts were unable to catch the current growth rate alike advanced districts. There is need to improve the lacking infrastructural facilities in the backward district of Madhya Pradesh which can further help sustain the high growth rate of Madhya Pradesh.

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Keywords

Agriculture, combined composite score, growth, productivity, regional disparity.

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