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Globalization and Agricultural Growth in African Countries

500.00

Vishwanatha and Mutamuliza Eularie

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The Indian Journal of Economics and Development (2018) 14(4), 743-747
DOI: 10.5958/2322-0430.2018.00196.8
Indexed in Clarivate Analytics (ESCI)

Vishwanatha and Mutamuliza Eularie

Professor and Chairman, Department of Economics, Mangalore University
Mangalagangothri-574 199 (Karnataka) and Research Scholar, Department of Rural Development and Agricultural Economics
College of Agriculture, Animal Sciences and Veterinary Medicine, University of Rwanda, Kigali
*Corresponding author’s Email: emutamuliza@yahoo.fr

ABSTRACT
In Africa, globalization has turned into a most important feature in the economic globe since the mid-1990s.The mainstream of the people in the African countries is depending directly and indirectly on agriculture. In Africa, agriculture would provide the necessary strengthening to provide outlay to enhance the foundation of industrialization and public services. This paper sought to analyze the globalization impact on agriculture growth in African countries. However, most countries lack markets competition with other professional foreign agricultural producers and the expansion of these products exportation was not taken place. Furthermore, some actors involved in the agricultural sector have seen little profit from the liberalization process and small farmers find it more difficult to obtain inputs and credit and, consequently, lower farm incomes. Secondary data sources were used to collect information from different sources such as journals, World Bank and government reports among others. The study shows that globalization can extremely improve agriculture activities as the most important engine of development in African countries. It also increases food security through non-farm activities, employment-intensive and non-tradable rural activities sectors.
Keywords
Africa, agricultural growth, globalization, impact.

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