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Extent of Crop Diversification in Haryana

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Indian Journal of Economics and Development
Volume 16 No. SS, 2020, 218-224
DOI: https://doi.org/10.35716/ijed/NS20-045
Indexed in Clarivate Analytics (ESCI) of WoS

J.K. Bhatia1, Dalip Kumar Bishnoi2, D.P. Malik3 and J.C. Karwasra4
1Assistant Director, Directorate of Human Resource Management, 2Assistant Scientist, Department of Agricultural Economics
3Professor and Head, Department of Agricultural Economics, and 4Former Professor and Head, Department of Agricultural Economics
CCSHaryana Agricultural University, Hisar-125004
Corresponding author’s email: dalipbishnoi@gmail.com

ABSTRACT
The study was conducted in different agro-climatic zones of the Haryana state. The results revealed that area under paddy, wheat, rapeseed and mustard, and cotton increased by 398, 147, 419 and 203 percent respectively during the period 1970to 2014, whereas, area under gram, maize, jowar, barley and bajra declined drastically by 92, 90, 70, 66 and 48 percent during the same period, respectively. As far as wheat and paddy specialization was concerned, Ambala, Kurukshetra, Kaithal, Karnal, Panipat, Sonepat districts remained specialized throughout the entire study period. The districts of Rewari, Mahendergarh and Gurgaon remained specialized in mustard throughout the entire period. The cotton crop remained specialized in districts of Hisar, Jind and Sirsa. Sugarcane not only specialized in Yamunanagar but also remained at the top with quotient values was of 6.35, 8.83 and 7.59 during Period-I, II and III respectively. The shift in area towards a particular crop in various districts was observed due to availability of irrigation water, profitability of crops and favorable public policies.

Keywords
Diversification, location quotient, regional crop specialization.

JEL Codes
C00, O32, O33, Q55.

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