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Estimation of Factors Affecting Job Migration in Vietnam

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Indian Journal of Economics and Development
Volume 16 No. 1, 2020, 9-17
DOI: https://doi.org/10.35716/ijed/19139
Indexed in Clarivate Analytics (ESCI) of WoS
NAAS Score: 4.82
UGC Approved: UGC Care List Group II
P.T. Dong1* and N.T. Hoai2
1Ph.D. Researcher, and 2Assistant Professor, Faculty of Public Policy, Academy of Policy and Development, Hanoi City, Vietnam
*Corresponding author’s email: pthedong@gmail.com

ABSTRACT
This study utilized the logit regression model with data from the Vietnamese Household Living Standards Survey (VHLSS) in 2016 to discover key factors that determined the probability of job migration in Vietnam. The estimated results of the model indicated that there were seven factors affecting job migration of households including the proportion of people with high school or higher qualification, the proportion of dependents, the number of males, the rate of income from non-agricultural fields, ethnics, areas and households’ living standards compared to the previous five years. In particular, the rate of non-agricultural income had a positive impact on households’ job migration, while other factors had negative effects on households’ job migration. Households’ accommodations and living standards had made great impacts on households whose family members working far away from home and even being helpers.
Keywords
Demographic factors, household, job migration, VHLSS.
JEL Codes
J61, O15.

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