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Employment and Income Pattern of Migrant Agricultural Labour in South Western Punjab


Arshdeep Singh Maan and V.K. Sharma



The Indian Journal of Economics and Development (2019) 15(1), 105-110
DOI: 10.5958/2322-0430.2019.00012.X
Indexed in Clarivate Analytics (ESCI)

Arshdeep Singh Maan and V.K. Sharma

Department of Economics and Sociology, Punjab Agricultural University, Ludhiana-141 004 (India)
*Corresponding author’s email:

The present study was undertaken to examine the employment and income pattern among migrant agricultural labour in southwestern, Punjab during 2017-18. Multistage random sampling technique was used to select the 120 respondents from four clusters of villages of Sri Muktsar Sahib district of Punjab. The results of the study revealed that the majority of permanent and casual migrant agricultural labour belonged to Uttar Pradesh, Bihar and Uttarakhand. The majority of respondents belonged to Hindu and Muslim religion. The study further revealed that both permanent and casual migrant agricultural labour rendered their services in agriculture for 234 and 206 days respectively. Permanent casual and migrants earned `95087 and`63662 in a year from hiring out of labour in agriculture. The per capita expenditure on food and non-food items were `26562 for permanent migrant agricultural labour and `20142 for casual migrant agricultural labour. Permanent and casual migrant agricultural labour recorded `68525 and 43520 as their surplus income respectively

Casual, expenditure, migration, permanent, surplus.

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