Economics of Aromatic and Non-aromatic Rice Production in Bilaspur District of Chhattisgarh
Indian Journal of Economics and Development
Volume 16 No. SS, 2020, 324-329
Indexed in Clarivate Analytics (ESCI) of WoS
Sarita Sharma, R.M. Sahu, A.K. Sarawgi, and Brahma Gurjar
Department of Agricultural Economics and Farm Management, College of Agriculture
Jawaharlal Nehru Krishi Vishwavidhyalya, Jabalpur-482004 (M.P.)
Corresponding author’s email: email@example.com
The present study is based on economic analysis of aromatic and non-aromatic rice production in Bilaspur district of Chhattisgarh in 2015-2016. The primary data related to cost and returns of the aromatic and non-aromatic rice crop was collected from 30 each aromatic rice and non-aromatic rice-growing farmers of five villages of Bilaspur district under three sizes of group, each group containing 10 farmers in each class. The results showed that aromatic rice production on a sample farm was `43606.48 per ha. The proportion of the operational cost and fixed cost to total cost on sample farm was 56.75 and 43.24 percent. The average net income over cost C3 was found 38805.04per ha and in the case of small, medium and large farmer was `38457.15, 38731.98 and 39225.97 per ha respectively. The average input-output ratio was 1:1.80 percent. The cost of production of rice varied from `1243.32 to 1273.45 per q with an average of `1259.55 per q. The cost of production was found minimum in the case of small farmers. While non-aromatic rice production on a sample farm was `40214.59 per ha which increased as the farm size increased. The proportion of the operational cost and fixed cost to total cost on sample farm was 58.46 and 41.53 percent. The average net income over Cost C3 was found 29417.1 per ha and in the case of small, medium and large farmer was `26168.23, 27899.631 and 34183.45 per ha respectively. The average input-output ratio was 1:1.66 percent. Cost of production of non-aromatic rice varied from `838.56 to 770.65 per q with an average of `812.22 per q. It was observed that the cost of production was found minimum in large farmers revealing to the extraordinary difference between the different farm sizes.
Aromatic and non-aromatic rice production, benefit-cost ratio, cost concepts, profitability.
C83, D24, D61, H32, Y10, Y20, Y30.