Indian Journal of Economics and Development
Year : 2017, Volume : 13, Issue : 2 First page : ( 327) Last page : ( 332)
Print ISSN : 2277-5412. Online ISSN : 2322-0430.
Article DOI : 10.5958/2322-0430.2017.00183.4
This study was conducted to estimate the cost and returns structure, resource use efficiency and constraints faced by farmers in mentha production in Punjab. For the purpose of present study data was collected from 80 farmers belongs to Ludhiana and Moga districts of Punjab. It was observed that farmers use to grow Pepperamint, Spearmint and Koshi varieties of mentha crop. Variable costs on mentha cultivation came out 13972.89 per acre. The highest relative share in variable cost was of weedicide and hoeing (26.52 per cent) followed by insecticide/pesticide use (19.59 per cent). Average productivity of mentha oil extracted was 21.04 liters per acre of sample farmers. The returns on variable costs were about 20019 per acre with higher returns on large farms. The regression analysis highlights the positive relationship of productivity and farm size. The other factors that is, seed, fertilization and insecticides/pesticides significantly affect the yield of crop. The mentha growers experienced several problems such as incidence of insect pests, weed infestation and unfavorable weather. The most important research area emphasized by farmers was to develop higher oil content varieties giving more number of cuttings. Lastly, the study emphasized to the production and marketing constraints for enhancing the income of the farmers.