Diversifying cropping system through dairying in Punjab-An approach to sustain livelihood
Parminder Singh Cheema and Parminder Kaur
Indian Journal of Economics and Development
Year : 2015, Volume : 11, Issue : 1
First page : ( 79) Last page : ( 87)
Print ISSN : 2277-5412. Online ISSN : 2322-0430.
Article DOI : 10.5958/2322-0430.2015.00009.8
Diversifying cropping system through dairying in Punjab-an approach to sustain livelihood
Cheema Parminder Singh1,*, Kaur Parminder2
1Research Scholar, Department of Economics and Sociology, Punjab Agricultural University, Ludhiana-141004
2Associate Professor of Agricultural Economics, Department of Economics and Sociology, Punjab Agricultural University, Ludhiana-141004
JEL Classification: C67, C81, O13, Q01
Online published on 10 March, 2015.
The results revealed that out of total milch animals, the proportion of buffaloes was higher (53.75 percent) followed by crossbred cows (43.59 percent) and local cows (2.66 percent). The annual fixed cost was ‘16259.88, ‘36147.79 and ‘83919.24 on small, medium and large dairy farms respectively while the total variable cost was estimated to be ‘55570.22, ‘132778.95 and ‘272462.12 on the respective dairy farms. On an average, the percentage expenditure on feeds and fodders was observed to be about 93 percent of the total variable cost. The net returns of milk came out to be ‘8.35, ‘10.03 and ‘10.12 per litre on small, medium and large farms, respectively. The break-even output was 38.47, 29.95 and 31.95 percent of total output obtained on small, medium and large farms, respectively indicating that the break-even output was comparatively earlier on medium farms than on small and large farms. The major problems faced by the producers were shortage of quality breed animals, costly medicines, low price of milk, absence of good marketing network, etc. It seems desirable to address these problems so as to develop dairy farming on sound footing.