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Cost and returns analysis of sugarcane cultivation of IPM vis-à-vis non-IPM farms in Haryana

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Sumit, R.S. Pannu and Ajay Kumar

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Abstract

Indian Journal of Economics and Development
Year : 2014, Volume : 10, Issue : 4
First page : ( 360) Last page : ( 368)
Print ISSN : 2277-5412. Online ISSN : 2322-0430.
Article DOI : 10.5958/2322-0430.2014.00558.7

Cost and returns analysis of sugarcane cultivation of IPM vis-a-vis Non-IPM farms in Haryana

Sumit, Pannu R.S., Kumar Ajay*
Department of Agricultural Economics, CCS, Haryana Agricultural University, Hisar-125004

*Email: athwal_sumit@yahoo.in

JEL Classification: C81, D61, O13, Q16

Abstract
Although, IPM approach is creating awareness and interest among the farmers, but its implementation at farm level is not up to the expectations. In the backdrop of this, the present study was carried out with objectives to estimate the cost of cultivation, yield and returns on IPM and Non-IPM farms in Haryana. The findings revealed that the cost of cultivation for IPM sugarcane farms was almost equal to Non-IPM sugarcane farms. The per quintal cost of production on IPM sugarcane farm (‘190.39) was lower as compared to Non-IPM sugarcane farms (‘209.54), mainly due to higher productivity per hectare on IPM farms (850 q) sugarcane than the Non-IPM farms (783.33 q). The gross returns on IPM and Non-IPM farms were estimated to ‘242316.67 and ‘223399.10 per hectare, respectively. The output-input ratio indicated of IPM (1:1.50) and for Non-IPM (1:1.36) that sugarcane cultivation was more profitable on IPM farms as compared to the Non-IPM sugarcane farms. The regression analysis showed that the plant protection chemicals have affected the yield of sugarcane on IPM farms significantly.