Indian Journal of Economics and Development: Forthcoming Issue

Comparative Economics of Drip Versus Surface Irrigation for Kharif Cotton in Ahmednagar District of Maharashtra

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S.P. Kalhapure , G.G. Joshi, D.B. Yadav and A.J. Amale

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The Indian Journal of Economics and Development (2019) 15(1), 58-67
DOI: 10.5958/2322-0430.2019.00006.4
Indexed in Clarivate Analytics (ESCI)

S.P. Kalhapure , G.G. Joshi, D.B. Yadav and A.J. Amale
Department of Agricultural Economics, Mahatma Phule Krishi Vidyapeeth, Rahuri-413 722 (M.S.)
*Corresponding author’s email: sarjupk@rediffmail.com

ABSTRACT
The results revealed that the cultivation cost for Kharif cotton produced by dripand surface irrigation was `104883.74 and 89878.77
per hectare, respectively. The total human labour saving was of 23.21 man-days per hectare in case of drip irrigation as compared to
surface irrigation. The saving in water was 97.38 HP hours and saving in electricity was 73.04 kWh per hectare in the case of drip
irrigation than that of surface irrigation. The Kharif cotton productivity was higher by 48.95 per cent in the case of drip irrigation
than that of surface irrigation. In respect of drip irrigation, the net returns from Kharif cotton crop were higher by `22337.35 than the
surface irrigation. In the case of drip irrigation, the per quintal cultivation cost of Kharif cotton was `3980.46 as compared to
`5080.39 surface irrigation. The investment on drip irrigation set was found economically viable since BCR was observed more
than surface irrigation and the per cent increase in net returns over the surface irrigation was 46.89 per cent. Adoption of drip
irrigation method needs to be encouraged by the farmers with increased government subsidy on drip set investment for efficient use
of water and nutrient, which would ultimately help to enhance the farmers’ income.
Keywords
Drip irrigation, HP, Kharif cotton, kWh, surface irrigation.

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