Chemical Control Measures Adopted by Kinnow Growers in Punjab
Indian Journal of Economics and Development
Volume 16 No. SS, 2020, 246-252
Indexed in Clarivate Analytics (ESCI) of WoS
Amit Kumar, and Pankaj Kumar
Department of Extension Education, Punjab Agricultural University Ludhiana-141001 (Punjab)
Corresponding author’s email: firstname.lastname@example.org
The study was conducted among kinnow growers of Fazilka district in Punjab to find the chemical control methods used for different insects, diseases and weeds. It was observed that the majority (50.83 percent) of respondents belonged to the age group 38-54 years. One third (33.33 percent) of the respondents educated up to graduation and 35.00 percent of the respondents had medium (10-25 acres) operational landholding (35.00 percent). More than half (50.83 percent) of respondents had a medium level of extension contacts and 40.00 percent had a medium level of mass media exposure. Regarding insect pest control more than half of the respondents applied recommended insecticides (Actara 25 WG, Confidor 17.5 SL, Fosmite 50 EC, and Fosmite 30 EC) for control of Citrus psylla (59.60 percent), aphids (66.23 percent), leaf miner (57.77 percent), whitefly (58.54 percent) and mites (57.14 percent) and most of the respondents applied non recommended insecticides for control of mealybugs and thrips. For disease control majority of respondents applied recommended pesticides (Streptocycline+Coppersulfate, Bordeaux mixture, Ridomil gold 68 WP, Alliet 80 WP, and Sodium hypochlorite 5percent) for Citrus canker (97.75 percent) and Gummosis/Footrot (89.36 percent). Regarding weed management hand hoeing and mechanical methods were more popular among respondents and only 10.83percent of the respondents applied recommended herbicides (Glycel 41 SL and Gramaxone 24 WSC) for weed management in kinnow orchards.
Herbicides, insecticides, pesticides, plant protection measure.