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Changing Role of Agriculture in Income and Employment, and Trends of Agricultural Worker Productivity in Indian States

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Indian Journal of Economics and Development
Volume 16 No. SS, 2020, 183-189
DOI: https://doi.org/10.35716/ijed/NS20-008
Indexed in Clarivate Analytics (ESCI) of WoS

Jaspal Singh1, Tanima Dutta2, Anupama Rawat3, and Nirmal Singh4

1Consultant, NITI Aayog, New Delhi, 2Associate Professor, Mittal School of Business, Lovely Professional University
Phagwara, 3Professor, Dr. Bhim Rao Ambedkar University of Social Sciences, MHOW and
4Research Scholar, Barkatullah University, Bhopal

Corresponding author’s email: tanimaadutta@gmail.com

ABSTRACT
The productivity of land has been often discussed and deliberated by the academia and policymakers to understand agriculture, however, very few studies have focused on the agriculture worker productivity to analyze this sector. This study concentrates on the productivity of agricultural workers from across the states taking two-time points into consideration. The agriculture worker productivity needs to be dealt with seriously and on a time series basis so that the marginal productivity of worker can be ascertained but also the dependency of worker on agriculture gets revealed. There is still disguised unemployment in all the states and high level of labour migration, yet most of the states showed the dependency has gone down. Although a state like Madhya Pradesh is doing very well in terms of income earned but that is at the cost of increased worker power in agriculture as a result of which, the productivity of worker has gone down. States like Mizoram, Meghalaya, Nagaland and Tripura, though small in size showed remarkable growth in productivity and all these states showed a positive trend in terms of worker shifting away from agriculture. The traditional states which gained the most from Green Revolution of the sixties are performing decently well, but they need to have the next major policy push so that they move to the next orbit of growth.

Keywords
Agriculture, employment, growth trend, worker productivity.

JEL Codes
D24, E24, J82, O13.

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