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Assets, resource use and income on marginal and small farms in Punjab

Richa Sharma and B.R. Garg

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Indian Journal of Economics and Development
Year : 2013, Volume : 9, Issue : 4
First page : ( 305) Last page : ( 311)
Print ISSN : 2277-5412. Online ISSN : 2322-0430.
Article DOI : 10.5958/j.2322-0430.9.4.014

Assets, resource use and income on marginal and small farms in Punjab

Sharma Richa*, Research Scholar, Garg B.R., Senior Farm Economist
Department of Economics and Sociology, Punjab Agricultural University, Ludhiana- 141004 (Punjab)

*Email: rchsharma80@gmail.com

JEL Classification: O13, L25, P46, Q15

Online published on 26 November, 2013.

Abstract
Punjab is an agriculturally developed state of India and has a type of land distribution slightly better than the national average. The present study showed that the small operational area along with low investment on machinery and irrigation structure were the limiting factors for the marginal and the small farmers. To make full use of the available human labour, dairy farming was adopted. However, this enterprise again did not yield much perhaps due to uneconomical herd size and due to the fact that the number of buffaloes reared was higher that the cross-breed cows. The higher operational area and more milch animals and relatively higher investment on machinery and irrigation structure in Zone-II compared to Zone-III and I showed that gross returns for per farm both of marginal and small farmer was highest in Zone-II followed by Zone-III and I, respectively.

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