Indian Journal of Economics and Development
Year : 2017, Volume : 13, Issue : 4 First page : ( 669) Last page : ( 676)
Print ISSN : 2277–5412. Online ISSN : 2322-0430.
Article DOI : 10.5958/2322-0430.2017.00229.3
An Economic Analysis and Resource Use Efficiency of Bt-Cotton in Middle Gujarat
The present investigation has analyzed the costs and returns and resource use efficiency of Bt-cotton in Middle Gujarat during 2015–16. The results indicated that average cost of cultivation of Bt-cotton was69372per ha. Out of total cost, human labour cost was ranked first followed by fertilizer cost, manure and cakes. The average yield of Bt-cotton per ha was observed 23.39 quintals on sample farms. The net profit over Cost C2 was29858per ha. The production function analysis revealed that human and bullock labour, plant protection and irrigation exerted significant influence on the yield of Bt-cotton. About 35.9 per cent of total variation in the gross income from the Bt-cotton cultivation was explained by the explanatory variables included in the function. The sum of regression co-efficient (Óbi’s) was noted 0.509 indicating decreasing returns to scale, in other words sample farmers were observed operating in second zone of production. The study has brought to the fore that there is an ample potentiality of the raising Bt-cotton production on the sample farms through adoption of improved and new technologies along with optimum utilization of resources like human labour, seeds, chemical fertilizers, and irrigation with better management practices.