Indian Journal of Economics and Development
Year : 2017, Volume : 13, Issue : 4 First page : ( 755) Last page : ( 760)
Print ISSN : 2277–5412. Online ISSN : 2322-0430.
Article DOI : 10.5958/2322-0430.2017.00241.4
Adoption of Economic and Sustainable Resource Conservation Technology (RCT) in Rice Wheat System: Zero Tillage
The farmers had low to the moderate overall knowledge of zero tillage technology but they had full knowledge of vital aspects like seed placement in most fertile soil zone, phosphorus placement at the right depth, 15–20 litres diesel saving, more saving in comparison to conventional tillage, less population of Phalaris minor and excellent soil erosion control. Farmers had little knowledge on aspects such as ZT builds good soil structure and health, less carbon exposure to environment leading to high organic carbon in the soil. Hardly 40 percent farmers adopted zero tillage with crop residue which attributes to the addition of organic carbon essential for growth of beneficial microbes to maintain soil structure and health. Farmers opined few factors like lack of knowledgeable field functionaries, the high cost of the drill, less amount of subsidy on it, standing (anchored) stubble, inadequate extension facilities by input agencies and no credit facilities to buy new machine were the major reasons for poor or improper adoption of technology by the farmers.