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Production performance of paddy in Punjab

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Skitu Anyosisye Mwakyeja

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Abstract

Indian Journal of Economics and Development
Year : 2014, Volume : 10, Issue : 1
First page : ( 26) Last page : ( 33)
Print ISSN : 2277-5412. Online ISSN : 2322-0430.
Article DOI : 10.5958/j.2322-0430.10.1.003

Production performance of paddy in Punjab

Mwakyeja Sikitu Anyosisye
Co-ordinator of studies, Ministry of Agriculture, Institute of Training, Mlingano-Tanga, P.O. Box 5051, Tanga, Tanzania. Email: mwakyejaaloyce@yahoo.com

JEL Classification: C14, C43, L11, O10, O13, O47, Q11

Online published on 15 February, 2014.

Abstract
The present study was primarly based on time series data. The data on area, production and productivity were collected for the period of 1950–51 to 2011–12. The results revealed that the highest growth rates were observed during Green Revolution whereby area, production and yield of rice grew at annual rate of 10.59, 16.35 and 5.21 percent respectively. The high growth rate was due to relatively and stable yield, assured price and public procurement. In addition, subsidized electricity in agriculture irrigation was also found to have positively influenced the area under paddy in Punjab. The implementation of MSP as the price is one of the most important determinants of the area allocation which in turn affects the production of a related crop. Parallel to this, suitable control measures should be devised by the Government in order to minimize the over use of water for irrigation by the farmers which is caused by subsidized price of electricity.