Comparative assessment of national water policies of India


Jasdeep Kaur Bedi



Indian Journal of Economics and Development
Year : 2013, Volume : 9, Issue : 3
First page : ( 254) Last page : ( 260)
Print ISSN : 2277-5412. Online ISSN : 2322-0430.
Article DOI : 10.5958/j.2322-0430.9.3.009

Comparative assessment of national water policies of India

Bedi Jasdeep Kaur
Ph.D. Scholar, Department of Economics, Punjabi University, Patiala-147002. E-mail:

JEL Classification: O13, O20, Q02, Q25

Online published on 21 September, 2013.

The water management was in the hands of local communities in the pre-independence India. In 1945, Central Water Commission (CWC) was set up to coordinate with the state governments to control, conserve and efficient utilization of water resources. The Ministry of Water Resources (MoWR), Government of India was assigned the responsibility to formulate policies, plans and programmes to manage the water resources. The national water management policies are extremely important from legal and institutional perspectives as these reflect the direction of the government in context of water resources planning and management. To ensure that these policies are acceptable and beneficial to all, public consultation process plays an important role. This paper reviews the evolution of National Water Policies in India along with the identification of contentious issues and the perspective of the Punjab State.