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A Production Function Analysis of Dairy Farming in Plain and Hill Regions of Uttarakhand

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Rachit Vishnoi, P.K. Dixit and M. Umamageswari

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Abstract

Indian Journal of Economics and Development
Year : 2017, Volume : 13, Issue : 2
First page : ( 405) Last page : ( 408)
Print ISSN : 2277-5412. Online ISSN : 2322-0430.
Article DOI : 10.5958/2322-0430.2017.00196.2

A Production Function Analysis of Dairy Farming in Plain and Hill Regions of Uttarakhand

Vishnoi Rachit1, Dixit P.K.2, Umamageswari M.3,*

1Government Hospital Dichli, Uttarkashi, Uttarakhand-249 196

2Southern Regional Station, ICAR-National Dairy Research Institute, Adugodi, Bengaluru-560 030

3Regional Agricultural Research Station, Kerala Agricultural University, Ambalavayal (Wayanad)-673 593

*Corresponding author’s email: drmumaagri@gmail.com

JELCodes: C82, O13, Q12

Online published on 20 June, 2017.

Abstract

Dairy farming plays a major role in economic development of rural India. The study made an attempt to explore the socio-economic profile of dairy farmers and to analyze the input output relationship of milk production in both plain and hill regions of Uttarakhand state. Cobb Douglas Production function analysis was employed to estimate the resource productivity and resource use efficiency in milk production. Irrespective of species and regions, the milk production function estimated was a good fit and included explanatory variables explained a large proportion of variation in milk production. By and large, green and dry fodder and concentrate feed had positive and significant influence on milk production across species and regions, reflecting growing importance of these inputs in milk production enhancement. Labour as input had mixed influence on milk production and general observation in the region was that the input must have been over used for obvious reasons. Enhancing genetic improvement leads to increase the animal productivity. Dairy farmers can be reduced the cost of milk production by feeding a balanced ration.