Indian Journal of Economics and Development: Forthcoming Issue

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APA Style

Indian Journal of Economics and Development

Journal Article in Print

  1. Shah, D. (1990). Implementation of MGNREGA and sustainable livelihood security in Maharashtra: A region-wise analysis. Indian Journal of Economics and Development, 13(3), 461-468.

  2. Singh, P. & Datta, K.K. (2016). Economic analysis of traditional milk supply chain in Ranchi district of Jharkhand. Indian Journal of Economics and Development, 13(3), 495-502.

  3. Kaur, N., Singh, J., & Kumar, S. (2016). Comparative economic analysis of basmati and non-basmati paddy cultivation in Punjab. Indian Journal of Economics and Development, 13(3), 439-444.

Journal Article Found Online

Ali, M.A. (2016). Industrial structure and firm’s agglomeration: A study on Tunisian data. Indian Journal of Economics and Development, 12(3), 405-412. doi: 10.5958/2322-0430.2016.00155.4 or retrieved from

Paper Presented in a Conference/Symposium

Kaur, G., Gill, S.S., & Singh, N.P. (2010, February 7-9). Adoption gaps in paddy cultivation in Punjab-cost involved and returns thereof. Paper presented at 13th Punjab Science Congress. Punjab University, Chandigarh.>/i>

Conference Paper

Williams, J., & Seary, K. (2010). Bridging the divide: Scaffolding the learning experiences of the mature age student. In J. Terrell (Ed.). Making the links: Learning, teaching and high quality student outcomes. Proceedings of the 9th Conference of the New Zealand Association of Bridging Educators (pp. 104-116). Wellington, New Zealand.

Conference paper (online)

  1. Cannan, J. (2008). Using practice based learning at a dual-sector tertiary institution: A discussion of current practice. In R.K. Coll, & K. Hoskyn (Eds.). Working together: Putting the cooperative into cooperative education. Conference proceedings of the New Zealand Association for Cooperative Education, New Plymouth, New Zealand. Retrieved from

  2. MacColl, F., Ker, I., Huband, A., Veith, G., & Taylor, J. (2009, November 12-13). Minimising pedestrian-cyclist conflict on paths. Paper presented at the Seventh New Zealand Cycling Conference, New Plymouth, New Zealand. Retrieved from

Book in Print

  1. Finney, J. (1970). Time and again. New York, NY: Simon and Schuster.

  2. Dhillon, P. (1970). Economics and Marketing (3rd ed.). New Delhi, NY: S. Chand and Publishing Company.

e-Book from an e-Reader

Eggers, D. (2008). The circle [Kindle Version]. Retrieved from

Eckes, T. (2000). The developmental social psychology of gender. Retrieved from netLibrary:

Book Found in a Database

Nevin, A. and Chhina, S.S. and Gill, K.S. (2015). Investment in early childhood development: Review of the World Bank’s recent experience. doi: 10.1596/978-1-4648-0403-8

Chapter in an Edited Book

  1. Sharma, J.L. & Gill, S.S. (2009). Sustainability of agriculture development in Punjab. In P.K Jain, B.S. Hansra, K.S. Chakraborty, & J.M. Kurup (Eds.) Food Security and Sustainable Agriculture. U-Day Publishers and Advertisers, New Delhi, 278-290.

  2. Haybron, D.M. (2008). Philosophy and the science of subjective well-being. In M. Eid & R.J. Larsen (Eds.). The science of subjective well-being (pp. 17-43). New York, NY: Guilford Press.

Magazine Article in Print

Tumulty, K. (2006, April). Should they stay or should they go? Time, 167(15), 3-4.

Magazine Article Found Online

Tumulty, K. (2006, April). Should they stay or should they go? Time, 167(15) Retrieved from,9171,1179361,00.html

Newspaper Article in Print

Toor, J.S. (1997, March 31). Electronic discovery proves an effective legal weapon. The Tribune, p. D5.

Newspaper Article Found Online

Johl, S.S. (1997, March 31). Electronic discovery proves an effective legal weapon. Indian Express. Retrieved from

General Website Article with an Author

Sidhu, D.S. (2015, January 9). Gold monetization scheme. Retrieved from

General Website Article without an Author

Teen posed as doctor at West Palm Beach hospital: Police. (2015, January 16). Retrieved from

Online Lecture Notes or Presentation Slides

Dhawan, J.S. (2012). Technology and me: A personal timeline of educational technology [Powerpoint slides]. Retrieved from

Encyclopaedia Entry in Print

Kammen, C., & Wilson, A.H. (2012). Monuments. In: Encyclopaedia of local history. (pp. 363-364) Lanham, MD: AltaMira Press.

Thesis/Dissertation Print

  1. Johnson, S. (2013). Style strategies (Master’s thesis). UCOL, Whanganui School of Design, Whanganui, New Zealand.

  2. Sankhayan, P.L. (2005). Attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder and creativity: An investigation into their relationship (Unpublished doctoral thesis). University of Canterbury, Christchurch, New Zealand.

Online Thesis/Dissertation

  1. Sankhayan, P.L. (2013). Eastward voyages and the late medieval European worldview (Master’s thesis). University of Canterbury, Christchurch, New Zealand). Retrieved from

  2. Mann, D. L. (2010). Vision and expertise for interceptive actions in sport (Doctoral dissertation, The University of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia). Retrieved from

Basic Reference List Format for a Print Report

Gill, K.S. (1991). Marketing of mango in Punjab (Report No. 3). Ludhiana: Department of Economics and Sociology, Punjab Agricultural University, 1-60.

Basic Reference List Format for an Online Report

Gill, K.S. (1991). Marketing of mango in Punjab (Report No. 3). Retrieved from [Punjab Agricultural University and]

Internet: No author, No date

Pet therapy. (n.d.). Retrieved from

Internet-Organisation/Corporate author

Ministry of Health. (2014). Ebola: Information for the public. Retrieved from

Act (Statute/Legislation)

Health and Safety in Employment Act 1992. (2013, December 16). Retrieved from


Tamihana, B. (2007). Gambling health promotion: Mate petipeti whakapiki hauora [Brochure]. Palmerston North, New Zealand: Best Care (Whakapai Hauora) Charitable trust.

Brochure/pamphlet (No author)

Ageing well: How to be the best you can be [Brochure]. (2009a). Wellington, New Zealand: Ministry of Health.

Blog post

Stefanie. (2014, October 8). What a tangled web: Website versus webpage [Blog post]. Retrieved from

Dictionary (print)

Weller, B. F. (Ed.). (2009). Bailliere’s nurses dictionary: For nurses and health care workers (25th ed.). Edinburgh, Scotland: Elsevier.

Dictionary (online)

Cambridge dictionaries online. (2011). Retrieved from

Software (including apps)

UBM Medica. (2010). iMIMS (Version1.2.0) [Mobile application software]. Retrieved from

Click the web link to Download the style of reference citation
References Citation Style

Citation Examples

Single author
• The short references within the text are given wholly or partly in round brackets.
• Use only the surname of the author followed by a comma and the year of publication:
(Matthews, 1999)
• Include page, chapter or section numbers if you need to be specific. The abbreviation for page is p. and the abbreviation for pages is pp.:
Matthews discusses the role of drawings in the psychological evaluation of children (1979, pp. 34-35). OR
… in the psychological evaluation of children has been studied elsewhere (Matthews, 1979, pp. 34-35).
Two authors
• Cite both authors every time you cite within the text.
• Separate the authors’ names in the citation with an “&”:
(Lawson & Green, 1997, pp. 34-35)
• When the authors’ names are incorporated into the text the “&” is replaced with “and”. Always cite both names every time the reference occurs in the text:
Lawson and Green (1997, pp. 34-35) were unable …
Three or more authors
• The first citation in the text of a work with three, four or five authors gives the surnames of all the authors:
Wasserstein, Zappulla, Rosen, Gerstman and Rock (2004, p. 301) have found … OR
… as has been found in a previous study (Wasserstein, Zappulla, Rosen, Gerstman & Rock, 2004, p. 301).
• In subsequent citations in the text, only the surname of the first listed author is used, followed by the expression “et al.” which means “and others”:
Wasserstein et al. (2004, p. 301) have found…
• If there are six or more authors, only the surname of the first author is used, followed by et al.:
Littlewood et al. (1997) have found … OR
… as has been previously demonstated (Littlewood et al., 1997).
Volume numbers included
• Include volume numbers within the citation between the year and the page numbers.
• If more than one volume is given separate with a “;”:
This theory is dealt with in detail by Brysen (2003, vol. 2, p. 23; vol. 3, pp. 17-36).
Authors with the same surname
• Make a distinction between authors with the same surname by including the author’s initials.
• If the author’s surname is incorporated in the text place the initials before the surname; if it is a citation within brackets the initials follow the surname:
The theory was propounded in 1970 (Larsen A.E., 2001) …
M.K. Larsen (2003) is among those …
Multiple works by the same author in the same year
• A distinction is made by adding lower case letters, a, b, c, etc. to the date.
• These letters are also included in the full reference in the reference list to distinguish between the two documents:
Bursch (2005a) described how the yak made transport possible in the high mountains of Inner Asia, as did the llama in the Andes of South America (Bursch, 2005b).
Corporate author
• These are works without a personal author.
• Corporate authors may be associations, agencies like government departments, corporations or organisations.
• Names of organisations should be given in full the first time they are cited within the text.
• In subsequent citations, these names may be abbreviated in the text if the abbreviation is meaningful or well known:
(CSIRO, 1999) …
As predicted by the Centre of Independent Studies (1997) …
More than one work cited
• List all sources of information either in the text or within the citation separated by a semicolon (;):
(Haddon, 1999; Larsen, 1991) …
Haddon (1999) and Larsen (1991) demonstrated that …
(Haddon, 1999, vol. 3, p. 734; Larsen, 1991, p. 11)
No author
• When a work has no author or the author is anonymous, cite in the text the first few words of the reference list entry (usually the title) and the year.
• Use italics for the title:
This was apparently not the case in seventeenth-century England (On Travelling to London, 1683) … OR
On Travelling to London (1683) reveals that this was not true.
No date of publication
• Use the abbreviation n.d. to indicate that no date of publication is given:
Carruthers (n.d.) has suggested … OR
(Carruthers, n.d.)
• If the author of the article is named, cite in the normal way with the author and date. If there is no author given, cite the newspaper title in italics.
• Include the specific date as well as year and page or section numbers if appropriate:
(Canberra Times, 24 Jan. 1997, p. B6) …
The Weekend Australian (24-25 Jan. 1997, p. 19) reported …

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  • Hard copies, Indian J Econ Dev 13 (3), July-September, 2017 dispatched

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